Makkah is around 45 miles east of Jeddah, in the country’s Makkah Province. The closest airport is King Abdul-Aziz International Airport, which features a dedicated Hajj Terminal specifically designed to cope with the large influx of religious pilgrims passing through on their way to the sacred site.
As the birthplace of Muhammad and a site of the revelation of the Quran, Makkah is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims.
The history of Mecca is related to Muhammad, the last great prophet and the founder of Islam. Capital of Makkah province in Saudi Arabia, it is located 70 km from Jeddah.
Mecca houses the Masjid al-Haram, the largest mosque in the world. The mosque surrounds the Kaaba, which Muslims turn towards while offering daily prayer. This mosque is also commonly known as the Haram or Grand Mosque. The mosque is built around the Kaaba, the most sacred place in Islam.
Other attractions in Makkah include the multiple traditional markets located in various locations around the city as well as the Clock Tower. The Clock Tower or the lighthouse of pilgrims is one of the high-rise towers of the King Abdul-Aziz Endowment Project of the Two Holy Mosques. It is the largest concrete tower in the world.
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